About Us India-Ecuador

Brief on India-Ecuador Bilateral Relations

A.        Political Relations:

India-Ecuador established diplomatic relations in 1969. The Embassy of India in Bogota is concurrently accredited to Ecuador.  Ecuador opened its Embassy in Delhi in February 2005 and a Consulate General in Mumbai in 2013. India and Ecuador signed MoU on Foreign Office Consultations in 2000.  So far, four Foreign Office Consultations have been held (2005, 2008, 2011 and 2014). India has an Honorary Consul, Mr. Eduardo Dousdebes,  based in Quito.

            EAM met Foreign Minister, Maria Fernanda Espinosa, in Baku on the sidelines of the Mid-term Ministerial Conference of the Non-aligned Movement in April, 2018. EAM met Foreign Minister, Jose Samuel Valencia Amores, on the margins of UNGA in September, 2018.

Bilateral Visits:

From India:

  • Secretary (EAA) Shri Shashank attended the inauguration of ex-President Lucio Gutiérrez in Quito - January 2003
  • Smt. Shashi U. Tripathi, Secretary (West) visited Quito to undertake first round of Foreign office consulations - June 2005
  • Minister of State for External Affairs, Shri Anand Sharma, visited Ecuador and met President Rafael Correa and Foreign Minister, Ms. Maria Fernanda Espinosa - June 2007
  • Minister of State for External Affairs, Shri. E. Ahamed visited Ecuador for Foreign Office Consultations. During his visit, he met Vice President Lenin Moreno - May 2011
  • Minister of State for Commerce & Industry, Smt. D. Purandeswari visited Ecuador - April 2013
  • Minister of State for External Affairs, Gen.( Retd.) V.K. Singh visited Ecuador - May, 2015
  • Smt. Rita Teaotia, Commerce Secretary, visited   Ecuador  for first    JETCO Meeting - May 2017

From Ecuador:

  • The Minister of Energy and Mines of Ecuador, Mr. Eduardo Lopez, visited India and delivered the key-note speech at the PetroTech events organized by the Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas -  January 2005
  • Foreign Minister, Mr. Francisco Carrion Mena, visited India - July 2006
  • Vice Minister of Agriculture, Xavier Cevallos - April 2008

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  • Vice Foreign Minister visited Delhi for Foreign Office Consultations -  July 2008
  • Minister of Foreign Affairs, Trade & Integration, Ms. Maria Isabel Salvador Crespo visited India - November 2008
  • Minister of Foreign Affairs, Trade & Integration, Ms. Maria Isabel Salvador Crespo visited India for the Doha Round meeting at the invitation of Minister of Commerce - September 2009
  • Vice Minister of Foreign Trade and Integration, Mr. Francisco Rivadeneira visited India - April 2012. He also visited India in 2014 to participate in CII India-LAC Conclave
  • Vice Foreign Minister, Leonardo Arizaga visited India for Foreign Office Consultations - 2014
  • H.E. Carlos E. Pérez, Minister of Hydrocarbons attended 16th IEF Ministerial Meeting organized by International Energy Forum in New Delhi - April 2018

Agreements signed:

  • Protocol on Joint Economic and Trade Committee (JETCO) in New Delhi within the framework of the MoU on Economic Cooperation- 2015 (First Meeting was Co-Chaired by Commerce Secretary in 2017 in Guayaquil)
  • MoU on Economic Cooperation - 2013
  • MoU between the Ministry of Defence of the Republic of India and the Ministry of Defence of the Republic of Ecuador on Defence               Co-operation - 2011
  • MoU between the Government of the Republic of India and the Government of the Republic of Ecuador for Cooperation in the field of Agricultural Research & Education - 2008
  • Agreement on exemption of visas for diplomatic & official passport holders - 2007
  • MoU between the two state-owned oil companies – ONGC Videsh Limited of India (OVL) and PetroEcuador - 2006
  • MoU between Confederation of Indian Industries (CII) and Export and Investment Promotion Council of Ecuador (CORPEI) - 2006
  • Agreement between Diplomatic Academies - 2006
  • Agreement for Gainful Occupation of the Family Members of the Officials of the Respective Diplomatic Missions of the Two Countries - 2006
  • Education Agreement - 2006
  • Cultural Agreement - 2006
  • MoU on Foreign Office Consultations - 2000

B.        Trade and Economic relations:

      Bilateral trade with Ecuador has re-started picking up from 2018, after experiencing a slump from 2015, mainly due to fall in oil prices globally, which affected Ecuador´s exports. The main items being imported by India from Ecuador are mineral fuels, wood and articles of wood, cocoa and cocoa

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 preparations, natural pearls & semiprecious stones, coffee etc. India is exporting vehicles, iron and steel products, plastics and related articles, pharmaceutical products, aluminum and articles thereof etc.

I .  Bilateral Trade Figures

  • Exports:

S.No.

Country

Jan-Dec
2016

%Growth

Jan-Dec
2017

%Growth

Jan-Dec
2018

%Growth

1.

India's Exports to ECUADOR

167.25

-3.58%

268.21

60.36%

305.95

14.07%

 

India's Total Exports

264,424.35

-1.24%

299,152.03

13.13%

324,843.55

8.59%

Values in US$ Millions
Source: Government of India – Ministry of Commerce & Industry – Dep. Of Commerce

  • Imports:

S.No.

Country

Jan-Dec
2016

%Growth

Jan-Dec
2017

%Growth

Jan-Dec
2018

%Growth

1.

India's Imports from ECUADOR

220.84

-64.32%

329.77

49.33%

221.72

-32.77%

 

India's Total Imports

361,496.57

-8.21%

449,795.40

24.43%

514,555.50

14.40%

Values in US$ Millions
Source: Government of India – Ministry of Commerce & Industry – Dep. Of Commerce

II.        Bilateral Investment:

            India’s investment in Ecuador is estimated to be US$ 2.3 million, mainly in the construction, agriculture and trade sectors. Ecuadorian investment in India is insignificant.

            In recent years, several Indian Export Promotion Councils have expressed interest in expanding business ties with Ecuador. There is growing demand for Indian pharmaceutical products and automobiles in Ecuador. Mining and oil and gas sector present opportunities though ease of doing business in Ecuador is a significant impediment. In September 2012, CHEMEXIL organized a Buyer Seller Meet (BSM) in Quito.  In April 2013, a CII delegation accompanied then MOS (Commerce &Industry) to Ecuador and held meetings with their counterparts. In July 2013, a 26-member delegation from PHARMEXCIL visited Quito and participated in a BSM. In November 2015, an 11-member delegation from PLEXCONCIL visited Guayaquil and participated in the in the International Plastic Fair, IPLAS. In September 2016, the India Tourism Office (ITO) in New York participated in the FITE International Tourism Festival in Guayaquil and India participated in the International Artisan Fair in November 2016 in Cuenca.In May 2017, a 10-member PLEXCONCIL delegation visited Guayaquil and met counterparts. In May 2017, a delegation of Indian companies led by FICCI,

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accompanied Commerce Secretary on her official visit to Ecuador. In August 2017, CAPEXIL organized a BSM in Quito. In February 2018,  the Mission participated in a Trade Promotion event in Guayaquil, organized by the Guayaquil Chamber of Commerce. In 2018, four “Make-in-India” trade and investment promotion events were organized in all the four major cities of Ecuador on 21 March at Guayaquil, on 27 November at Cuanca, on 30 November at 30 November and on 14 December at Manta.

            Several Indian companies are operating in Ecuador including from the IT sector (Tata Consultancy Services, Tech Mahindra, etc); pharmaceutical (MSN Laboratories, CIPLA,etc); agrochemicals (UPL, Sharda Cropchem Limited, etc); automobiles and tractors (Hero MotoCorp, Bajaj, Mahindra, TVS, Sonalika, etc.)

C.        Economic and Technical Cooperation:

            In 2007-08, a special IT course was conducted exclusively for 56 Ecuadorian candidates. Ecuador was allotted 30 ITEC slots in 2018-19 and exceeded the quota utilizing 32 slots. The number of slots for ITEC have been increased to 40 during 2019-20.
 
            In August 2009, a Memorandum of Understanding to establish a Center of Excellence in Information Technology (CEIT) was signed in Quito with the Institute of High National Studies (Instituto de Altos Estudios Nacionales; IAEN). The CEIT-UTN became operational in May 2015. With the help of three C-DAC experts sent from India to train Ecuadorean nationals, total 775 people were trained in the CEIT  till April 2017.

            India donated medicines, worth US $ 1 million through two separate donations made in 2008 and 2010 respectively. After the devastating earthquake on 16 April 2016, Government of India made another donation of 15 tons of medicines.

D.        Cultural Relations

            Indian culture, Yoga and philosophy are known in Ecuador. There are quite a few schools teaching yoga and Indian culture. Indian community organizes cultural festivals like Diwali. An Indian gastronomy festival was organized in Ecuador from 8-19 July 2015. On 25 June, 2017, India Day was organized in Quito by Indian spiritual and yoga associations in collaboration with the Mission. To celebrate 70th anniversary of India´s Independence, cultural shows by a troupe sponsored by the Ministry of Culture, New Delhi, “Divya Parivar” were organized in Quito and Guayaquil in December, 2017. India also participated in an International Week organized by the Municipality of Cuenca in November, 2017 where India was the Guest Country. Festival of India is being celebrated in Ecuador in 2019, under which dance troupes have performed and events related to Gandhi@150 are being organized.   The 4th International Yoga Day events were organized in Guayaquil, Manta, Quito and Cuenca with wide participation.

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            Prof. Ravindra Kumar, a Gandhian scholar visited Guayaquil on 30 January, 2018, to deliver a lecture on relevance of Gandhian teachings. A bust of Mahatma Gandhi is installed at ‘Plaza de Republica de la India’ in Quito. Ambassador, alongwith Mayor of Guayaquyil, inaugurated another bust of Mahatma Gandhi supplied by ICCR on 20 March, 2018 at the famous Malecon location in Guayaquil. A bust of Tagore was installed at  Cuenca  on 12 July 2019.

            Guru Nanak Jayanti function was organized at Quito, on 30 November, 2018, in collaboration with the local Indian community, to mark the 550th birth anniversary of Guru Nanak Dev. 

            An event on the theme of “Incredible India-The Land of Gandhi” was organized as part of Gandhi@150 celebrations at Manta on 13 December, 2018.
   
            A list of cultural events organized in Ecuador during 2018-19 and 2019-20 (upto August) is appended below.
 
E.        Indian Community

            Ecuador has a small growing Indian community numbering around 450. They are mostly working in the services sector. In the capital city Quito, the Indian IT company, TCS, has a considerable number of Indians on its roll. Of late, quite a few Indians are engaged in the teak wood business and a significant number of Indian nationals are employed with these companies. Indian companies make their presence at the regular commercial events organized by the Embassy in collaboration with the Chamber of Commerce in Guayaquil. There are few Indian restaurants in Quito and Guayaquil.

            An Ecuadorian businessman in Guayaquil has opened an impressive Prabhupada meditation centre which is visited regularly mostly by Ecuadorians.  In Cuenca, Divine Value School (EVD), an ashram style establishment,  imparts Vedic knowledge. 

F.         Tourism:         The number of Ecuadorian visitors to India is steadily on the increase. In 2018, 1155 Ecuadorians visited India. Most Ecuadoreans visit India for spiritual tourism.

G.        Useful Resources:

September 2019

Annexure

List of cultural events organized during 2019-20 (upto August) in Ecuador

S.No.

Event

Venue

Date

1

Festival of India
(Kathak performance)

Cuenca

27 April 2019

2

Festival of India
(Kathak performance)

Guayaquil

29 April 2019

3

Festival of India
(Odissi performance)

Manta

02 May 2019

4

Festival of India
(Odissi performance)

Quito

04 May 2019

5

Week of Indian Culture

Manta

15-21 May 2019

6

Cycle of Indian Films

Manta

15-22 May 2019

7

Mahatma Gandhi Photographic Exhibition

Cuenca

29 May 2019

8

International Congress on Human Rights

Cuenca

29-31 May 2019

9

International Day of Yoga 2019

Cuenca

22 June 2019

10

International Day of Yoga 2019

Guayaquil

22 June 2019

11

International Day of Yoga 2019

Manta

22 June 2019

12

International Day of Yoga 2019

Quito

23 June 2019

13

Cycle of Indian Films

Cuenca

08-12 July 2019

14

Seminar/conference on the life and teachings of Mahatma Gandhi

Guayaquil

09 July 2019

15

Mahatma Gandhi Photographic Exhibition

Guayaquil

09-12 July 1019

16

Unveiling of Rabindranath Tagore’s bust

Cuenca

12 July 2019

17

Deputation of 3 Master Artisans arrived in Cuenca

Cuenca

14 August 2019

 

Bilateral Relations